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Dehydration is a shortage of total body water. It is usually accompanied by disruption of metabolic process. Dehydration happens when more water and fluids leave your body.

Individuals more at risk of dehydration include athletes, people at higher altitudes, infants and children (commonly as a result of diarrhoea, vomiting), people with chronic illness such as diabetes, kidney disease older adults etc.

The major cause of dehydration is lack of sufficient water or losing too much water. There are other causes of dehydration which are: vomiting, Production of too much sweat, diabetes, frequent urination, burns.

Dehydration can lead to the following complications if not checked and addressed such as seizures, kidney problem, and low blood volume.

So what are the symptoms of dehydration? Find the symptoms of dehydration which are:

  1. Thirst
  2. Darker urine and decrease in urine production
  3. Dry mouth
  4. Lethargy
  5. Weakness in muscles
  6. Dizziness

On the other hand, extreme dehydration can lead to the following symptoms

  1. Fever
  2. Sunken eyes
  3. Increased heart rate
  4. Lack of sweating
  5. Unconsciousness

While for children, check for the following symptoms which are:

  1. Irritable
  2. No tears while crying
  3. No wet diaper for 3 or more hours
  4. Dry tongue and mouth
  5. In babies – a sunken fontanel (soft spot on the top of the head)

Dehydration is mostly treated by replenishing the fluid level in the body. Therefore, take lots of water.

Most importantly, People who are dehydrated should avoid drinks containing caffeine such as coffee, tea, and sodas.

In another case, underlying conditions that led to dehydration should be treated with the right medication.

Written by: Temitope Ikusika

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