Recently, there has been an outbreak of meningitis in Nigeria. According to John Oladejo, the incident manager of the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) stated this in a statement released by the center. “As at April 5, 2016, 3,959 suspected cases have been reported as part of the current outbreak, of which 181 cases have been laboratory-confirmed. “A total of 438 deaths (11 percent of all cases) have been reported from 106 LGAs in 19 states in the country and outbreak response and control activities are ongoing in the State to curtail the outbreak”
For benefit of those who don’t know what meningitis means, meningitis is an inflammation (swelling) of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord known as the meninges.
This inflammation is usually caused by an infection of the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
Meningitis is usually caused by bacteria or viruses but can be a result of injury, cancer, or certain drugs.
Meningitis is contagious, potentially transmitted through kissing, coughing, sharing close quarters with an infected person.
It is important to know the specific cause of meningitis because the treatment differs depending on the cause.
With the recent outbreak, It is important for one to take protective measure to prevent meningitis. Below are ways to avoid meningitis.
- Get vaccinated
In order to prevent meningitis, one need to get vaccinated. This is the most effective way of preventing meningitis.
- Wash your hands
There is need to maintain a good hygiene by washing your hands regularly. This helps to prevent germs, teach your children how to wash their hands regularly. Always wash your hands thoroughly especially after eating, after using the toilet.
- Maintain a healthy diet
Make sure you maintain a healthy diet, take enough vegetables and fruits. This will help increase your immune system and fight against the disease. Also, try to have enough rest when needed and exercise This will help you stay active and strong.
- Don’t share personal items
You can prevent the spread of meningitis by not sharing items where secretions can stay, such as drinking glasses, water bottles, straws, toothbrushes, lipsticks or lip glosses, and cigarettes.
- Always cover your mouth and nose when you sneeze or cough. This is because meningitis is transmitted through this means.
- Get prompt treatment
If you have been in close contact with someone who has meningitis. It is important you consult your doctor immediately for you to take the next step.